TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT RESIDENCE PERMITS
Temporary residence permits in Russia
A temporary residence permit (TRP) is issued in the form of a passport stamp and confirms the right of a foreign national to temporarily stay in the Russian Federation until he or she obtains a permanent residence permit.
The TRP is a kind of intermediate stage between a temporary stay in the Russian Federation and a permanent one, since it is obligatory to obtain the TRP before the permanent residence permit can be obtained. Also, the TRP allows foreign nationals to legally work in the Russian Federation without the need to obtain a work permit.
The temporary residence permit is valid for three years and cannot be further extended. In addition, the TRP obliges a foreigner to live and work in one region only.
The TRP can be issued within or outside the quota limits, which are approved by the RF Government annually for each region of the Russian Federation.
How to obtain temporary residence permit?
To obtain the TRP foreign national should personally and on paper submit to the General Directorate of Migration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (hereinafter GUVM) an application with the required documents. It takes 6 months for the application to be processed.
What documents are required to obtain the TRP?
The approximate list of documents is as follows:
- Two copies of the application;
- Two 3*4, color, matt photos;
- Passport (original);
- Certificate of no criminal record (received not earlier than 3 months prior to submitting the documents);
- Medical certificate;
- Certificate of knowledge of the Russian language, history and legal framework;
- Migration card;
- Document confirming payment of fee.
In what cases can TRP be refused?
The most frequent cases of refusal are:
- Violation of requirements regarding the form and content of TRP application;
- Factual errors in the personal data of the applicant;
- Failure to provide documents or the provision of documents that do not conform to the requirements of Russian legislation;
- No more permits available according to the quota system.
Notification of residence
The law requires the foreign national to annually notify the public authorities of his or her stay as a foreign national on TRP, and his or her income.
The foreign national should submit notification of income within two months one year after the date of receipt of the TRP.
Permanent residence permit in Russia
The permanent residence permit (PRP) is a document that confirms the right of a foreign national to reside permanently in Russia for 5 years. In addition, this residence permit gives the foreign national the right to freely cross the border of the Russian Federation.
The residence permit in Russia significantly expands the rights of the foreign national. For example, the holder of a residence permit does not need a work permit, and his or her employer does not need to undergo all the related procedure and formalities. In most cases, a residence permit can be repeatedly extended. In addition, unlike the TRP, there is no restriction on the region where the holder can work and live.
How to obtain a permanent residence permit?
Foreign nationals who received a TRP are entitled to apply for a permanent residence permit. In this case, foreign national should have lived in the Russian Federation for at least 1 year on TRP and submit an application and required documents to GUVM not later than 6 months before TRP expires.
The application processing time is 6 months.
Notice of residence
The law requires the foreign national to annually notify the public authorities of his or her stay as a foreign national on a residence permit.
The foreign national should submit notification of income within two months one year after the date of receipt of the residence permit.
VALEN provides a full range of services related to obtaining a temporary and permanent residence permit:
- Consultation on all matters related to obtaining a temporary or permanent residence permit;
- Preparation of required documents;
- Submission and receipt of documents.